19 Dez Us Defense Agreement With Saudi Arabia
Subsequent actions support Hopkins` assessment. As Saudi Arabia entered World War II two weeks later on the Allied side, the kingdom never contributed to the war effort. In fact, Saudi interests, not Roosevelt`s request, fueled this statement: it gave the kingdom a seat at the United Nations. In August 1945, King Abdulaziz sent his 41-year-old son and secretary of state to the United States to try to establish a relationship with President Harry Truman, but this visit was largely ignored by a worried U.S. government. Analysts have been studying Saudi nuclear plans and proposals for decades in light of the kingdom`s economic profile, energy resources and security dilemmas. Saudi state policy stresses that the kingdom`s efforts to promote nuclear energy are limited for peaceful purposes, but senior officials, including Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, have also said that if Iran persecuted or received a nuclear weapon, the kingdom would also work there. In March 2018, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said: “Saudi Arabia does not want to acquire a nuclear bomb, but there is no doubt that if Iran has developed a nuclear bomb, we will follow as soon as possible.” 150 The Trump Administration has promoted U.S.-Saudi ties amid intensifying public and congressional scrutiny of Saudi policies in Yemen and the kingdom`s approach toward activists and dissidents, including the 2018 murder by Saudi officials of journalist Jamal al Khashoggi. In September 2019, President Trump sent military personnel and additional assets to Saudi Arabia in response to escalating cross-border attacks on Saudi infrastructure. Saudi Arabia`s domestic politics, combined with its vulnerable regional position, have revigorated debate in Congress about the nature and extent of U.S. interests in the kingdom and U.S.
security commitments to Saudi Arabia`s defense. In June 2019, members of the Quad (United States, United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia and united Arab Emirates) reaffirmed their common views on the conflict in Yemen. The quad emphasized the importance of implementing U.N. facilitated security agreements, the problematic role Iran plays in arming and financing the Houthis, and the need for additional humanitarian assistance and full humanitarian access. The quad also noted “with concern the recent escalation in Houthi attacks on Saudi Arabia using Iranian made and facilitated missiles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.” 181 Iraq`s invasion of Kuwait in August 1990 led to the Gulf War, which significantly strengthened security relations between the United States and Saudi Arabia. Parallel to the American invasion, King Fahd declared war on Iraq. The United States was concerned about Saudi Arabia`s security against Saddam`s intention to penetrate and control the region`s oil reserves. As a result, after The agreement of King Fahd, President Bush deployed a considerable amount of American forces (up to 543,000 ground troops until the end of the operation) to protect Saudi Arabia from a possible Iraqi invasion; this operation was called Desert Shield. In addition, the United States has sent additional troops into Operation Desert Storm, with nearly 100,000 Saudi troops sent by Fahad to form an alliance of the U.S.
military with troops from other allied countries, to attack Iraqi troops in Kuwait and stop further invasions.  During Operation Desert Storm, Iraqi forces were defeated in four days, leading the Iraqis to withdraw to Iraq. The change of leadership in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the debate in the United States on foreign policy priorities are fueling calls for a reassessment of long-standing relations. Successive U.S. governments have sought partnerships with the Al Saud family in power since the 1940s, given the kingdom`s large oil reserves and the Saudi influence that stems from the administration of the birthplace of the Islamic faith.2 The Al Saud monarchy has sought protection, advice, technology and armament from the United States, with regard to the United States.