13 Apr The Bonn Agreement Afghanistan
A 12-part document entitled “Afghanistan`s Bonn Agreement: A Catalog of Missed Opportunities,” published today by Human Rights Watch, analyzes conditions in the country one year after the agreement that formalized the end of the Taliban regime. The briefing paper outlines a number of areas where the Afghan government and international actors have missed opportunities to improve security and protect human rights. Human Rights Watch makes several recommendations to international and Afghan actors to help implement important provisions of the agreement. Second, the Bonn negotiations were kept on track by strong international pressure (and, in fact, not to fail) in order to quickly conclude an agreement and ensure the timely implementation of the Bonn Roadmap over the next three years. Although the 2014 presidential elections offer a closing period for all pre-election negotiations, their success is not guaranteed. “Many of the difficulties encountered last year in implementing the Bonn agreement are the result of the disastrous state of Afghanistan`s civil and state institutions after two decades of war,” Adams said. But Afghanistan`s warlords are the primary culprits in sabotaging the agreement. It is also the fault of the international community for not providing the necessary assistance to the Afghans who are trying to bring the agreement to fruition. The Bonn Agreement was signed on 5 December 2001 by representatives of various anti-Taliban factions and political groups.
It set out a roadmap and timetable for the establishment of peace and security, the reconstruction of the country, the restoration of some important institutions and the protection of human rights. The agreement contains provisions relating to military demobilization and integration, international peacekeeping and human rights monitoring. The Bonn Agreement (officially the agreement on interim arrangements in Afghanistan until permanent government institutions were restored) was the first set of agreements adopted on 5 December 2001 aimed at re-establishing the State of Afghanistan after the United States.